Mary_Fields

Tubman reportedly carried a gun during her trips on the Underground Railroad. According to a PBS biography of the abolitionist, Tubman used her gun to threaten the fugitives who grew tired or afraid on their journey to the north.

Tubman also carried a revolver, and was not afraid to use it. The gun afforded some protection from the ever-present slave catchers and their dogs; however, she also purportedly threatened to shoot any escaped slave who tried to turn back on the journey since that would threaten the safety of the remaining group.

The Parker v. District of Columbia case, in which the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia struck down a decades-old handgun ban in Washington, D.C. on the ground that it violates the Second Amendment.

“Fundamental fairness is a doctrine to be sparingly applied. It is appropriately applied in those rare cases where not to do so will subject the defendant to oppression, harassment, or egregious deprivation.” Doe v. Poritz, 142 N.J. 1 (1995), citing State v. Yoskowitz, 116 N.J. 679, 712, 563 A.2d 1 (1989) (Garibaldi, J., concurring and dissenting).

 Tubman told the tale of one man who insisted he was going to go back to the plantation when morale got low among a group of fugitive slaves. She pointed the gun at his head and said, “You go on or die.”

The right to bear arms is a tradition with deep roots in American society. Thomas Jefferson proposed that “no free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms,” and Samuel Adams called for an amendment banning any law “to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms.” In New Jersey the arms included “musket or Fusee, well fixed, and a Bayonet fitted to it, a cutting Sword or Cutlace, … Holsters, a Case of Pistols ….” Documents Relating To Colonial History of N.J. 192-93 (W. Whitehead ed. 1888).

gaines-shotgun

Tubman became the first woman to lead an armed assault during the Civil War. When Montgomery and his troops conducted an assault on a collection of plantations along the Combahee River, Tubman served as a key adviser and accompanied the raid. On the morning of June 2, 1863, Tubman guided three steamboats around Confederate mines in the waters leading to the shore.

Once ashore, the Union troops set fire to the plantations, destroying infrastructure and seizing thousands of dollars worth of food and supplies. When the steamboats sounded their whistles, slaves throughout the area understood that it was being liberated.

Tubman watched as slaves stampeded toward the boats. “I never saw such a sight,” she said later, describing a scene of chaos with women carrying still-steaming pots of rice, pigs squealing in bags slung over shoulders, and babies hanging around their parents’ necks. Although their owners, armed with handguns and whips, tried to stop the mass escape, their efforts were nearly useless in the tumult.” 

As Confederate troops raced to the scene, steamboats packed full of slaves took off toward Beaufort. Like Korryn Gaines a bogus warrant (Chattel-Paper) was issued for the reward for Tubman’s capture is in the October 3, 1849 advertisement for the return of “Minty” and her brothers “Ben” and “Harry,” in which their mistress, Eliza Brodess, offered $100 for each of them if caught outside of Maryland.

The Baltimore Sun reports that Korryn was shot and killed after she pointed a gun at officers and warned them during an hour long standoff at an apartment in Randallstown.

The police went to the apartment to serve arrest warrants to Korryn Gaines and an unidentified man who lived at the home as well.

Korryn was wanted for charges that were filed against her in March which include, disorderly conduct, resisting arrest, and multiple traffic violations.

Police Chief Jim Johnson said, no one answered the door after police identified themselves and “repeatedly knocked on the apartment door” and heard a man and a woman’s voice, as well as a crying child.

Details of the incident are contained in the arrest warrant (chattel paper) for Gaines, 23, who was murdered by a a tactical  Slave Patrol officer after an hours-long standoff.  Slave Patrols obtained the warrant — charging Gaines with first- and second-degree assault and other charges — after they claimed they saw Gaines point a shotgun at an officer on Monday morning.

Slave Patrols murdered Gaines after she fired back at them for firing at her first, following her warnings. In a landmark written opinion filed February 27, a New Jersey Superior Court recognized the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and held that a citizen’s Constitutional Right to Keep and Bear Arms cannot be involuntarily waived under a New Jersey firearms forfeiture law.

Relying on the United States Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Second Amendment in District of Columbia v. Heller…, Blasko emphasizes the State may not dictate the storage of firearms. In Heller, following an exhaustive analysis of the history of the Second Amendment and the rights regarding firearms, the United State Supreme Court held “the District’s ban on handgun possession in the home violates the Second Amendment, as does its prohibition against rendering any lawful firearm in the home operable for the purpose of immediate self-defense.

Two years later in McDonald v. City of Chicago, …, the Court ended all doubt by declaring “the Second Amendment right is fully applicable to the States …Despite a preference for the safe storage of weapons with safety locks, we conclude a law abiding adult, living alone without children, who openly leaves weapons in a locked apartment, insufficiently supports a finding of conduct contrary to the interest of the public health, safety or welfare pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2C:58-3c(5). See Heller, …(holding “the District’s ban on handgun possession in the home violates the Second Amendment”)”Verdugo-Urquidez, United States v.,; 1990; 494 U.S. 259; 444.

Does the phrase “the people” used in the 2nd Amendment refer to individual members of the American society, the same as it does in the Constitution’s preamble, and its 1st, 4th, 9th and 10th Amendments [YES]; Does the 2nd Amendment protect “the right of the people to keep and bear arms.” [YES].

Circuit Judge Thomas Hardiman wrote that in its Heller decision, the Supreme Court recognized that the Second Amendment extends beyond the home and “protects an inherent right to self-defense.”

The Supreme Court ruled that despite state laws, individuals who were not part of a state militia did have the right to bear arms. As part of its ruling, the court wrote, “The Second Amendment protects an individual right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia, and to use that arm for traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home.” District of Columbia v. Heller.

The court would rule on the issue again two years later as part of McDonald v. City of Chicago, which challenged the city’s ban on private handgun ownership. In a similar 5-to-4 ruling, the court affirmed its decision in the Heller case, saying the Second Amendment “applies equally to the federal government and the states.”

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American born Moor, Author, History Researcher, Modernist, 720 Entrepreneur/ Corporate Mogul in the making; who observes & analyzes human nature for data mining purposes. Knowing is Half the Battle, Wisdom is needed for appropriate application of knowledge and right reasoning.

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