Peter Mensah played the role of Oenomaus –in (Season 1, Prequel & Season 2) Batiatus’ Numidian doctore (trainer) of gladiators, and reluctant advisor to the rebels.The historical Oenomaus was a Gaul. Numidia (202 BC – 46 BC) was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa. Numidia was originally divided between Massylii in the east and Masaesyli in the west. During the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), Massinissa, king of the Massylii, defeated Syphax of the Masaesyli to unify Numidia into one kingdom.
The kingdom began as a sovereign state and later alternated between being a Roman province and a Roman client state. It was bordered by the kingdoms of Mauretania (modern-day Morocco) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. It is considered to be the first major state in the history of Algeria and the Berber world.
We learn from Soninke traditions that the Ghana Empire had its beginnings about the year 300 of the Christian era. The first ruling dynasty seems to have been Berber invaders from North Africa. These interlopers remained in power until about 700 A.C. when the leader of the Sisse clan of the Soninkes organized a revolution which ousted the Berbers……..(For discussion of this see, Atgier: Bull. Soc. D’ Anthrop. de Paris, Feb/. 4, 1910, p. 110. Also M. d ‘Avezac, Afrique, p.4, 1842, Procopius, Byzantine historican of the fifth century speaks very clearly of the black-skinned Moors” who inhabited Numidia and Carthage and dominated them for centuries. History of the Wars, trans. by Dewing. Book 4, xiii, pp. 29-36; also IV, x, 24.)
The earliest account in Arabic of the West African peoples was written in 738 by Wahb ibn Munabbeh. According to this eighth century Arab chronicler, among the descendants of the sons of Kush, who was the son of Ham and the grandson of Noah, were the peoples of the Sudan, who were the Qaran ( perhaps the Goran, who live east of Lake Chad, the Zaghawa (who still dwell in western Dafur and Wadai), the Habesha (Abyssinians), the Qibt (the Copts), and the Barbar (Berbers).